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Caraway


    Scientific Names

    Caraway
    Caraway
    Caraway Seeds
    • Carum carvi L.
    • Apiaceae
    • Umbelliferae
    • Umbel family

    Common Names

    ivyCaraway seed
    ivyCaraway fruit
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    Parts Usually Used

    Seed
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    Description of Plant(s) and Culture

    Caraway is a biennial or perennial plant; the hollow, furrowed, angular, branched stem grows in the second year from a white, carrot-shaped root. The leaves are bi- or tripinnate and deeply incised, carrot-like, the upper ones on a sheath-like petiole. The small white or yellow flowers grow in compound umbels, with 5-12 very unequal stalks, outer flowers larger than inner ones, appear in May and June, forming a compound umbel with rays of unequal length. The fruit is dark brown, oblong, flattened, and two-seeded. Strongly scented when rubbed. Full sun to light shade. Zones 3-4.
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    Where Found

    Cultivated and found wild in the northern and northwestern United States, Europe, and Asia. Seen growing as a weed in waste places from Newfoundland to Alberta and south to Pennsylvania and Colorado. Native to Eurasia.
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    Medicinal Properties

    Antispasmodic, appetizer, carminative, emmenagogue, expectorant, galactagogue, stomachic.
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    Biochemical Information

    Essential oil with arvene and limonene, fatty oil with linoleic, oleic and petroselinic acids, nitrogenous materials, tannins, coumarins, resin.
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    Legends, Myths and Stories

    The famous Ebers Papyrus, an ancient Egyptian scroll containing medical notes and recipes from 1550 BC, lists 20 plants used as both medicines and seasonings, including anise, fennel, thyme, mustard, wormwood, and caraway. From this we know that caraway has been in use for at least 3500 years. The medicinal effect of caraway is due principally to the carvon contained in the essential oil.

    Dioscorides advised the oil of caraway for pale-faced girls.

    Caraway was an ingredient in love potions as well as an additive to the feed of homing fowl. And true believers held that any object that contained a few caraway seeds would be safe from theft; if any thief tried to steal such an object, the staying power of caraway would seize and hold him on the spot until the owner reached the scene.

    The 17th century herbalist advised: The roots of caraway, being boiled, may be eaten as carrots.

    The oil of caraway is used for making Kummel and L’huile de Venus and other cordials. Kummel is used as a digestive. A vodka-like Scandinavian liquor is made with grain or potatoes and flavored with oil of caraway. Like vodka, it is served “on the rocks.”
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    Uses

    Like many other common kitchen spices, caraway has a beneficial effect on the appetite and digestion. It promotes the onset of menstruation, relieves uterine cramps, promotes the secretion of milk, god for inflammations, and is mildly expectorant. Use caraway for flatulent colic, particularly in infants, coughs, pleurisy, colds, and also as a stomach settler after taking nauseous medicines. Use as a poultice for bruises. Use as a wash for rheumatism.

    Seeds have a characteristic, pungent flavor; use cautiously because the flavor is strong and turns bitter with long cooking.

    Used as a flavoring for vermouth.

    Its more obvious uses in the United States include flavoring rye bread. Is the base for a German liqueur called “Kummel”, which is a syrupy, clear, and colorless coffee-time delight with a strong and pungent bouquet of caraway.
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    Formulas or Dosages

    The seeds may be chewed as is or the following preparations used:

    Infusion: use 3 tsp. crushed seeds with 1/2 cup water.

    Decoction: use 1 tsp. seeds to 1/2 cup water. Boil briefly, steep covered for 10 minutes and strain. Take 1 to 1 1/2 cups a day, a mouthful at a time. Or boil 3 tsp. seeds in 1/2 cup milk for a short time, then steep for 10 minutes.

    Oil: take 3-4 drops of caraway oil, 3 times a day.

    Powder: take 1/4 to 1/2 tsp., 2-3 times a day.
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    Nutrient Content

    Phosphorus
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    How Sold

    Seeds
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    Warning

    Never give seeds to infants or young children; give extract.

    Caraway (to some, considered of the carrot family) is very much like the carrot foliage, which includes many poisonous species that can be easily mistaken for this plant. For this reason, do not collect wild caraway under any circumstances!

    Caraway, in appearance, is very similar to fool’s parsley and poison hemlock.
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    Bibliography

    Buy It! Back to Eden, by Jethro Kloss; Back to Eden Publishing Co., Loma Linda, CA 92354, Original copyright 1939, revised edition 1994

    Buy It! The Herb Book, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. copyright 1974.

    Buy It! Eastern/Central Medicinal Plants, by Steven Foster and James A. Duke., Houghton Mifflin Company, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10000

    Buy It! The Nature Doctor: A Manual of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, by Dr. H.C.A. Vogel; Keats Publishing, Inc., 27 Pine Street (Box 876) New Canaan, CT. 06840-0876. Copyright Verlag A. Vogel, Teufen (AR) Switzerland 1952, 1991

    Buy It! Indian Herbalogy of North America, by Alma R. Hutchens, Shambala Publications, Inc., Horticultural Hall, 300 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, 1973

    Buy It! The Herbalist Almanac, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, copyright 1988, fifth printing, 1994

    Buy It! Culpeper's Complete Herbal & English Physician: Updated With 117 Modern Herbs, by Nicholas Culpeper, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1990, (reprint of 1814)

    Herbal Gardening, compiled by The Robison York State Herb Garden, Cornell Plantations, Matthaei Botanical Gardens of the University of Michigan, University of California Botanical Garden, Berkeley., Pantheon Books, Knopf Publishing Group, New York, 1994, first edition

    Buy It! Old Ways Rediscovered, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, published from 1954, print 1988

    Buy It! Earl Mindell's Herb Bible, by Earl Mindell, R.Ph., Ph.D., Simon & Schuster/Fireside, Rockefeller Center 1230 Avenue of the Americas, New York, New York 10020

    Buy It! Planetary Herbology, by Michael Tierra, C.A., N.D., O.M.D., Lotus Press, PO Box 325, Twin Lakes. WI 53181., Copyright 1988, published 1992

    Buy It! American Folk Medicine/i>, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1973

    Buy It! Webster's New World Dictionary, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023

    Buy It! An Instant Guide to Medicinal Plants, by Pamela Forey and Ruth Lindsay, Crescent Books (January 27, 1992).

    Buy It! The Magic of Herbs in Daily Living, by Richard Lucas, Parker Publishing Co. (1988).

    Buy It! The Healing Plants, by Mannfried Pahlow, Barron's Educational Series, Inc. 250 Wireless Blvd., Hauppauge, NY 11788, 1992

    Buy It! The Yoga of Herbs: An Ayurvedic Guide to Herbal Medicine, by Dr. David Frawley & Dr. Vasant Lad, Lotus Press, Twin Lakes, Wisconsin, Second edition, 1988.

    Buy It! The Rodale Herb Book: How to Use, Grow, and Buy Nature's Miracle Plants (An Organic gardening and farming book), edited by William H. Hylton, Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA, 18049., 1974

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