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Honeysuckle


    Scientific Names

    Honeysuckle
    Honeysuckle, Lonicera Japonica
    Honeysuckle
    Honeysuckle, Lonicera Japonica
    Honeysuckle
    Honeysuckle, Lonicera periclymenum:
    • Lonicera periclymenum L.
    • Lonicera Japonica
    • Caprifoliaceae
    • Honeysuckle family

    Common Names

    Lonicera periclymenum:
    ivyEuropean honeysuckle
    ivyWoodbine

    Lonicera Japonica:
    ivyChinese honeysuckle
    ivyJapanese honeysuckle
    ivyJin yin hua
    ivyRen dong teng
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    Parts Usually Used

    Lonicera periclymenum:
    Flowers, bark

    Lonicera Japonica:
    Bark, flowers, leaves
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    Description of Plant(s) and Culture

    Lonicera periclymenum:
    “Who does not know the honeysuckle?” No need to describe it.

    The flowers of this plant, pink, creamy-yellow and purple, are not only pretty but are medicinal as well. They are sweet-tasting and may be eaten raw.

    Lonicera Japonica:
    Japanese honeysuckle is an evergreen trailing, twining vine. The leaves are oval, entire (not toothed) and the flowers are white or buff; lobes are strongly spreading from the throat, stamens protruding; flowers in April and July.

    This evergreen trailing twining vine has become a troublesome weed in the South. The flowers are white but quickly fade to yellow, earning the plant the name “Gold and Silver Flower” in China. The leaves and flowers are used in Traditional Chinese Medicine.

    Another variety: Called honeysuckle (L. interrupta). The leaves were used by Yuki (California) to wash sores (SEE SORES). Shoshones pound raw root and apply to swellings.
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    Where Found

    Lonicera periclymenum:
    The borders of woods, in hedges.

    Lonicera Japonica:
    Noxious weed in much of the southern states; north to Massachusetts, Indiana.
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    Medicinal Properties

    Lonicera periclymenum:
    Diuretic, antispasmodic, expectorant, laxative, emetic

    Lonicera Japonica:
    Alterative, antiviral, antibacterial, antibiotic, antispasmodic, astringent, diuretic, diaphoretic, febrifuge, refrigerant
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    Biochemical Information

    Lonicera periclymenum:
    Tannin, flavonoids, mucilage, sugars, salicylic acid

    Lonicera Japonica:
    Luteolin, inositol, tannin, sugars, mucilage
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    Legends, Myths and Stories

    Lonicera periclymenum:
    Pliney recommended woodbine to be taken in wine for spleen disorders.

    Lonicera Japonica:
    Today, Chinese honeysuckle is more likely to be used medicinally. This was first listed in the Tang Ben Cao, written in 659 AD and is one of the most important Chinese herbs for clearing poisons from the body.

    Yuki Basketry: On the Round Valley Reservation, the original inhabitants were Yukis. Materials were much the same as those used by their neighbors, except that in addition to those, Yukis used maple and honeysuckle to make baskets.

    Another plant called honeysuckle is Diervilla canadensis.
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    Uses

    Lonicera periclymenum:
    A tonic for the heart and a remedy for most cardiac disorders. It is good for chest colds, coughs, and asthma, rheumatism, arthritis, swollen glands including mumps, childbirth, liver trouble, sore throat, dropsy, and ailments of the skin.

    Lonicera Japonica:
    Honeysuckle is used for infections and inflammations and has broad spectrum antimicrobial activity against Salmonella typhi, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae. Leaves and flowers make a beverage tea in Japan. Flowers traditionally used in eastern Asia in tea for bacterial dysentery, enteritis, laryngitis, conjunctivitis, inflammations of the urinary tract and reproductive organs, fevers, colds, flu. Often combined with forsythia fruit. It is similar to the echinacea of Chinese medicine. Externally, as a wash for rheumatism, sores, tumors (especially breast cancer), infected boils, scabies, swelling. The stem tea is weaker. Experimentally, flower extracts lower cholesterol; reduces blood pressure, also used to treat tuberculosis. This serious weed might be managed by utilizing it for proven medical purposes.

    Recent studies in China have found honeysuckle to be effective in treatment of certain cancers, especially of the breast.

    This is the same plant as the commonly known ornamental flower.
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    Formulas or Dosages

    Lonicera periclymenum:
    Harvest in summer.

    Syrup: infuse 4 lb. of fresh petals and 1 quart boiling water in a covered vessel for 12 hours; express lightly at the end of that time, then decant. Add twice the weight of white sugar and make a syrup. Take a dessert-spoonful daily.

    Infusion: for those who would prefer something less sickly, and less fattening, than the syrup, can prepare a standard infusion or decoction from the grated bark; 1 part bark to 7 parts water. Take 2 cupfuls daily.

    Lonicera Japonica:
    Harvest in summer.

    May use the same instructions for syrup and infusion.
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    Warning

    Lonicera (various species) have somewhat poisonous fruits and also emetic.
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    Bibliography

    Buy It! American Folk Medicine/i>, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1973

    Buy It! The Complete Medicinal Herbal, by Penelope Ody, Dorling Kindersley, Inc, 232 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016, First American Edition, copyright 1993

    Buy It! Eastern/Central Medicinal Plants, by Steven Foster and James A. Duke., Houghton Mifflin Company, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10000

    Buy It! How Indians Use Wild Plants for Food, Medicine & Crafts, by Frances Densmore, Dover Publications, Inc., 180 Varick Street, New York, NY 10014, first printed by the United States Government Printing Office, Washington, in 1928, this Dover edition 1974

    Buy It! Indian Uses of Native Plants, by Edith Van Allen Murphey, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, copyright 1958, print 1990

    Buy It!The Magic of Herbs, by David Conway, published by Jonathan Cape, Thirty Bedford Square, London, England. (Out of print)

    Buy It! Planetary Herbology, by Michael Tierra, C.A., N.D., O.M.D., Lotus Press, PO Box 325, Twin Lakes. WI 53181., Copyright 1988, published 1992

    Buy It! Webster's New World Dictionary, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023

    Buy It! The Rodale Herb Book: How to Use, Grow, and Buy Nature's Miracle Plants (An Organic gardening and farming book), edited by William H. Hylton, Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA, 18049., 1974

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