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Mustard


    Scientific Names

    Black Mustard
    Black Mustard
    White Mustard
    White Mustard
    • Black Mustard
      • Brassica nigra L.
    • White Mustard
      • Brassica hirta L.
      • Sinapsis alba L.
      • Cruciferae
      • Crucifer family

    Common Names

    Black Mustard
    ivyMustard

    White Mustard
    ivyTa-chieh (Chinese name)
    ivyWhite mustard seed
    ivyYellow mustard kedlock
    ivyYellow mustard seed
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    Parts Usually Used

    Brassica nigra L.
    Seed

    Sinapsis alba L.
    Seed
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    Description of Plant(s) and Culture

    Brassica nigra L.
    Black mustard is an annual plant; the many, erect, branching, angular stem grows 2-7 feet tall and bears large, alternate leaves, the lower ones lyrately pinnatifid and somewhat bristly, the upper glabrous, entire, and lanceolate.  Yellow flowers grow in elongating clusters in terminal racemes from June into November.  Each has 4 petals.  The black seeds develop in upright, bulgy, cylindrical, beaked pods which are held on stalks closely pressed to the stem.

    Sinapsis alba L.
    Very similar to black mustard.
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    Where Found

    Brassica nigra L.
    Widely cultivated and also found wild in many parts of the world, including the fields and waste places of North America, except the far northern parts.

    Sinapsis alba L.
    Widely cultivated and also found wild in many parts of the world, including the fields and waste places of North America, except the far northern parts.
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    Medicinal Properties

    Brassica nigra L.
    Appetizer, digestive, irritant

    Sinapsis alba L.
    Pungent, stimulant, condiment, emetic, laxative, irritant, digestive
    Seeds are analgesic, carminative, stimulant, expectorant
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    Biochemical Information

    Sinapsis alba L.
    Sinalbin, sinapine, myrosin
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    Legends, Myths and Stories

    Both black and white mustard have similar properties, although most herbalists say the black mustard is the stronger.  Culpeper recommended an external use to treat joint pain and backache.  To be taken internally with honey for coughs.  Today, mustard is generally used externally.

    Never use the undiluted oil.

    In Nevada, several members of the mustard family develop orange colored seeds, which are carefully collected and ground to make gravy by the Native Americans.  This gravy is made by adding hot water to the meal.  One variety of wild mustard seldom sets on seeds.  The Native American name given to this one means: “Old Maid Sister.”

    There is a wild weed mustard, called “Acjha.”  Grows on hillsides and is ripe in late June.  The seeds are small and red.

    Brassica nigra L.
    Use of the seed is thought to have dated back to the time of the Greeks, who also used the plant’s green leaves as a potherb and salad.

    Some references say Black Mustard belongs to the mustard family, but Webster’s dictionary and the majority of references claim the crucifer family.  The reader knows best.

    Black mustard seed is used for giving a biting sensation to cordials and wines.

    Sinapsis alba L.
    This is the common yellow (white) ground mustard that is used with food, even though some herbalists claim it is harmful used in this way.

    The leaves of the white mustard are quite tasty in salads.
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    Uses

    Brassica nigra L.
    Black mustard is generally used externally as an irritant to encourage blood flow toward the surface in cases of rheumatism, sciatica, peritonitis, neuralgia, and various internal inflammations.  Black mustard can be taken internally in very small amounts to promote appetite, and stimulate the flow of gastric juices.  In poultices to treat colds, fever, bronchitis, ague, sciatica, crick in the neck, chilblains, relieve constipation, or to promote kidney action, toothache, headaches.  In stronger doses it causes vomiting.

    Mustard oil can be mixed with rectified alcohol (1 part oil to 40 parts alcohol) and used as a lotion externally for gouty pains, lumbago, and rheumatism.

    Also used as a spice, a condiment, leaves in salads, cooked as a vegetable, season pickles, etc.  Ground seeds used as a snuff for headaches.

    Sinapsis alba L.
    An old-fashioned remedy to produce vomiting.  Used as a poultice for pneumonia, bronchitis, chest colds, and flu.
    The seeds are used to treat joint pain, watery, oozing, chronic sores, stops coughs, dispels phlegm, improves digestion.
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    Formulas or Dosages

    Brassica nigra L.
    Plaster: Mix mustard powder with cold water to make a thick paste, then spread the paste on a linen cloth.  Put a layer of gauze over the affected area and then lay on the mustard cloth.  The skin will begin to burn.  Leave the mustard in place until the burning becomes too uncomfortable.  Thoroughly clean any remaining mustard paste from the skin.  Powder the skin with rice flour and wrap the area with dry cotton.  The skin should be back to normal in a few days.  Do not use on sensitive areas.  For persons with sensitive skin, mix the mustard powder with rye flour to reduce its effect.

    Sinapsis alba L.
    Mustard plaster:  mix 1 part mustard with 4 parts whole wheat flour.  Make into a paste by mixing with warm water.  Make it thick enough to spread on a cloth.  If the mustard is very strong, it may blister the skin.  When the burning becomes too uncomfortable, it should be removed.  After it is removed, cleanse the skin thoroughly.
    If you wish to leave the plaster on longer, it can be made weaker.  Mix the mustard and flour with the whites of eggs instead of water and it will not blister the skin.
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    Nutrient Content

    Mustard nutrition

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    Warning

    Brassica nigra L.
    Allyl isothiocyanate (responsible for mustard flavor) is a strong irritant.

    May blister skin, red, burnlike skin blotches, sometimes developing into ulcers.

    Large amounts or prolonged use of black mustard, internally or externally, can cause serious irritation and inflammation; never let undiluted mustard oil contact the skin.

    Black Mustard must be used in small quantities and for short periods.

    Never use the undiluted oil.

    Sinapsis alba L.
    Mustard seeds should not be used if there is a fever condition.

    Never use the undiluted oil.
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    Bibliography

    Buy It! The Herb Book, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. copyright 1974.

    Buy It! Eastern/Central Medicinal Plants, by Steven Foster and James A. Duke., Houghton Mifflin Company, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10000

    Buy It! Back to Eden, by Jethro Kloss; Back to Eden Publishing Co., Loma Linda, CA 92354, Original copyright 1939, revised edition 1994

    Buy It! Chinese Medicinal Herbs, compiled by Shih-Chen Li, Georgetown Press, San Francisco, California, 1973.

    Buy It! Culpeper's Complete Herbal & English Physician: Updated With 117 Modern Herbs, by Nicholas Culpeper, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1990, (reprint of 1814)

    Buy It! Indian Uses of Native Plants, by Edith Van Allen Murphey, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, copyright 1958, print 1990

    Buy It! The Herbalist Almanac, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, copyright 1988, fifth printing, 1994

    Buy It! Earl Mindell's Herb Bible, by Earl Mindell, R.Ph., Ph.D., Simon & Schuster/Fireside, Rockefeller Center 1230 Avenue of the Americas, New York, New York 10020

    Buy It! The Nature Doctor: A Manual of Traditional and Complementary Medicine, by Dr. H.C.A. Vogel; Keats Publishing, Inc., 27 Pine Street (Box 876) New Canaan, CT. 06840-0876. Copyright Verlag A. Vogel, Teufen (AR) Switzerland 1952, 1991

    Herbal Gardening, compiled by The Robison York State Herb Garden, Cornell Plantations, Matthaei Botanical Gardens of the University of Michigan, University of California Botanical Garden, Berkeley., Pantheon Books, Knopf Publishing Group, New York, 1994, first edition

    Buy It! Indian Herbalogy of North America, by Alma R. Hutchens, Shambala Publications, Inc., Horticultural Hall, 300 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, 1973

    Buy It! Old Ways Rediscovered, by Clarence Meyer, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, published from 1954, print 1988

    Buy It! Planetary Herbology, by Michael Tierra, C.A., N.D., O.M.D., Lotus Press, PO Box 325, Twin Lakes. WI 53181., Copyright 1988, published 1992

    Buy It! Webster's New World Dictionary, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023

    Buy It! The Yoga of Herbs: An Ayurvedic Guide to Herbal Medicine, by Dr. David Frawley & Dr. Vasant Lad, Lotus Press, Twin Lakes, Wisconsin, Second edition, 1988.

    Buy It! An Instant Guide to Medicinal Plants, by Pamela Forey and Ruth Lindsay, Crescent Books (January 27, 1992).

    Buy It! The Rodale Herb Book: How to Use, Grow, and Buy Nature's Miracle Plants (An Organic gardening and farming book), edited by William H. Hylton, Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA, 18049., 1974

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