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Periwinkle


    Scientific Names

    Periwinkle
    Periwinkle
    • Vinca major L.
    • Vinca minor L.
    • Apocynaceae
    • Dogbane family

    Common Names

    V. major:
    ivyGreat periwinkle
    V. minor:
    ivyEarly-flowering periwinkle
    ivyLesser periwinkle
    ivyRunning myrtle
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    Parts Usually Used

    The plant
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    Description of Plant(s) and Culture

    Periwinkle is a prostrate, evergreen, creeping plant; the stem bears opposite, dark green, shiny leaves at the joints.  During March and April a pale blue flower grows from each stem joint on a long, hollow stalk.
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    Where Found

    Grows wild in Great Britain and Europe and is also cultivated there and in the United States.  The pale blue or white flowered plants grow in woods and orchards, hedges, but the purple ones only grow in gardens.
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    Medicinal Properties

    Astringent, sedative, nervine
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    Biochemical Information

    Vincamine
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    Legends, Myths and Stories

    Culpeper tells that the legend has it that if the leaves are eaten by a man and a woman together, it will cause love between them and they will stay in love all their lives.

    Both V. major and V. minor make good ground cover, very hardy, thrives in shade.  One of the best plants to grow beneath trees and other areas where a carpeting effect is desired.  The herb is propagated by root divisions and cuttings.

    From several plants of the Vinca family is obtained the drug vinblastine sulfate, now being tested in America for the treatment of Hodgkins’ disease.
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    Uses

    Periwinkle is a remedy for diarrhea, flatulence, indigestion, ulcers in the throat and mouth, diabetes, disorders of the skin and scalp, excessive menstruation and hemorrhage.  Chew the herb to help stop bleeding in the mouth, nose, and to help toothache.  The tea is used for nervous conditions, hysteria, and convulsions.  Improves blood flow in cerebral arteriosclerosis and can be helpful after a stroke; tonic for the cerebral arterioles, reduces high blood pressure, a blood tonic.
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    Bibliography

    Buy It! The Complete Medicinal Herbal, by Penelope Ody, Dorling Kindersley, Inc, 232 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016, First American Edition, copyright 1993

    Buy It! Culpeper's Complete Herbal & English Physician: Updated With 117 Modern Herbs, by Nicholas Culpeper, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, 1990, (reprint of 1814)

    Buy It! The Herb Book, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. copyright 1974.

    Buy It!The Magic of Herbs, by David Conway, published by Jonathan Cape, Thirty Bedford Square, London, England. (Out of print)

    Buy It! Webster's New World Dictionary, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023

    Buy It! The Rodale Herb Book: How to Use, Grow, and Buy Nature's Miracle Plants (An Organic gardening and farming book), edited by William H. Hylton, Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA, 18049., 1974

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