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    Acacia

    Contents:

    Common Names | Parts Usually Used | Plant(s) & Culture | Where Found | Medicinal Properties
    Legends, Myths and Stories | Uses | Formulas or Dosages | Resource Links | Bibliography

    Scientific Names

    Acacia Senegal

    Acacia Senegal

    • Acacia senegal L.
    • Acacia greggii
    • Mimosa family
    • Fabaceae family

    Common Names

    • Cape gum
    • Egyptian thorn
    • Gum Arabic tree
    • Gum acacia
    • Gum Arabic
    • India gum tree
    • Bablah pods
    • Acacia bambolah
    • Catclaw
    • Cat’s Claw
    • Tear Blanket
    • Uña de gato (Spanish name)
    • Devils claw
    • Paradise flower
    • Long-flowered catclaw

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    Parts Usually Used

    Gum
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    Description of Plant(s) and Culture

    Acacia Greggii Bush

    Acacia Greggii Bush

    Acacia is a small, spiny, leguminous tree or shrub. After the rainy season ends, the stem begins to exude gum, which is collected from December to June for marketing as gum Arabic. The acacia has alternate, bipinnate leaves and axillary racemes of yellow flowers arranged in globose heads. The fruit is an oblong pod.

    There are literally dozens of species of acacia, worldwide. Their descriptions and usefulness varies greatly. Be sure to get the advice of a knowledgeable herbalist before using acacia.
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    Where Found

    Acacia Greggii Leaves

    Acacia Greggii Leaves

    Acacia senegal L.: Grows in sandy soil, mostly in tropical Africa

    Acacia greggii: a member of the Fabaceae family; it is native to the Southwestern United States and northern Mexico.
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    Medicinal Properties

    Demulcent, mucilaginous
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    Legends, Myths and Stories

    Acacia Negev

    Acacia Negev Tree, Israel

    Acacia was a sacred wood for the ancient Hebrews. Moses used acacia wood in building the Ark of the Covenant and the sacred Tabernacle (see Exodus, chapters 25-40).

    According to Near-Eastern Christian legend, a thorny species of acacia was used for Christ’s crown of thorns.

    Moapa Paiute name for acacia is “Pah oh pimb.” Used for inflammation of the eyes, due to dust; vaqueros and travelers habitually carry acacia seeds and put 4 in each eye on retiring.
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    Uses

    Gum Arabic’s main effect is to form a protective, soothing coating over inflammations in the respiratory, alimentary, and urinary tracts. It is helpful for coughs, sore throat, and catarrh, eyewash, diarrhea, and dysentery. Sweetened, it is sometimes used for typhoid fever.
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    Formulas or Dosages

    Gum Arabic is usually dissolved in water to make a mucilage.

    Mucilage: a dose is from 1 to 4 tsp.

    Syrup: mix 1 part mucilage with 3 parts of a syrup. A dose is from 1-4 tsp.
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    Resource Links

    LiveStrong.com: Acacia for Medicinal Uses

    Medicinal Plants of the Southwest (US): Acacia

    Wikipedia: Acacia

    Purdue University, Horticulture: Acacia

    Drugs.com: Acacia Gum

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    Bibliography

    Buy It! Back to Eden, by Jethro Kloss; Back to Eden Publishing Co., Loma Linda, CA 92354, Original copyright 1939, revised edition 1994

    Buy It! Indian Uses of Native Plants, by Edith Van Allen Murphey, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, copyright 1958, print 1990

    Buy It! The Herb Book, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. copyright 1974.

    Buy It! Webster’s New World Dictionary, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023

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