The Medicinal Herb Info site was created to help educate visitors about the often forgotten wisdom of the old ways of treating illnesses. Many of today's drugs and medicines were originally derived from natural ingredients, combinations of plants and other items found in nature.

We are not suggesting that you ignore the help of trained medical professionals, simply that you have additional options available for treating illnesses. Often the most effective treatment involves a responsible blend of both modern and traditional treatments.

We wish you peace and health!

Translate:

Chokecherry

Scientific Names

Chokecherry

  • Prunus virginiana L.
  • Rosaceae
  • Rose family

Common Names

  • Cherry bark
  • Wild black cherry bark

Back to Top


Parts Usually Used

Barks and fruits
Back to Top


Description of Plant(s) and Culture

A North American wild cherry tree (Prunus virginiana) and its astringent fruit are called chokecherry. This shrub or small fruit tree grows to 20 feet in height. Smaller than the black cherry. Leaves are oval, sharp-toothed, midrib hairless. Flowers white, in the thicker raceme. Blooms April to July. Fruits are reddish. Non-aromatic bark.

Also known as chokecherry (Prunus demissa) and (P. melanocarpa). These were used by Native Americans to make pemmican, mixed with elk, deer meat and fat back; used as traveling rations as well as everyday food. Paiute name for the chokecherry “Daw-esha-boi”.
Back to Top


Where Found

Found in thickets chokecherry can be located in North Carolina, Missouri, Louisiana, Kansas to Canada. Native to North America.
Back to Top


Medicinal Properties

Antitussive, pectoral, astringent, carminative, sedative
Back to Top


Biochemical Information

Hydrocyanic, glycoside, isoamygdaline, organic acids, tannin.
Back to Top


Legends, Myths and Stories

Dried native wild fruits, such as the chokecherry and the June berry, were articles of intertribal commerce for Native Americans. The agricultural tribes prepared some of these for themselves, but being occupied with the care of their cultivated crops they did not put up such great quantities of them as did the non-agricultural tribes on the high plains. Consequently, the agricultural tribes traded surplus products of their crops for the surplus products of the non-agricultural tribes. When the Arikaras traded with the Dakotas, they paid 1 hunansadu (roughly an arms length) of shelled corn for 1/2 hunansadu of chokecherries. When they bought dried June berries, they paid for them at the same rate as for chokecherries. June berries are harder to gather than chokecherries, but easier to prepare by drying. The chokecherries are easy to gather, but the process of pounding them to a pulp, shaping this pulp into cakes and drying them is laborious; hence they were equal in price.

Native Americans made a beautiful red dye from the juice.
Back to Top


Uses

Non-aromatic bark, similar to that of black cherry. Externally, used for wounds. Dried powdered berries once used to stimulate appetite, treat diarrhea, and bloody discharge of bowels.

Chokecherry calms the respiratory nerves and allays coughs, bronchitis, scrofula, fever, and asthma. It also is an outstanding remedy for weakness of the stomach with irritation, such as ulcers, gastritis, colitis, dyspepsia, diarrhea, and dysentery. It is helpful combined in digestive tonics with such herbs as licorice, ginseng, cypress, anise and tangerine peel. These herbs are macerated for two weeks to six months in rice wine. They are then strained and the resultant tincture is taken in teaspoonful doses before meals. The Native Americans employed the sedative properties of this plant to assist in relieving the pains of labor and childbirth. The bark, collected in the fall, is one of the best herbs for respiratory complaints and cough.
Back to Top


Formulas or Dosages

Normal dose in hot or cold infusion (boiling destroys the amygdalin that is the main active constituent). In formulas, 3-9 gms., tincture, 10-15 drops.
Back to Top


Warning

As with black or wild cherry, chokecherry’s seeds, bark, and leaves may cause cyanide poisoning.

Hydrocyanic acid is toxic in sufficient amounts and this seems especially true of wilted leaves known to poison livestock. The toxicity appears in all members of the Prunus genus, including almonds, peaches, apricots, and cherries (seeds of each). All contain amygdalin which in water hydrolizes into hydrocyanic acid. The degree of toxicity depends on a number of factors. Removal of the outer coat of the seed; cooking and combining with sugar or licorice lessens the potential toxic aspects.

This herb is potentially fatal. Could cause death or other serious consequences. Its use is not recommended.
Back to Top


Bibliography

Buy It! Planetary Herbology, by Michael Tierra, C.A., N.D., O.M.D., Lotus Press, PO Box 325, Twin Lakes. WI 53181., Copyright 1988, published 1992

Buy It! Eastern/Central Medicinal Plants, by Steven Foster and James A. Duke., Houghton Mifflin Company, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10000

Buy It! Indian Herbalogy of North America, by Alma R. Hutchens, Shambala Publications, Inc., Horticultural Hall, 300 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, 1973

Buy It! Indian Uses of Native Plants, by Edith Van Allen Murphey, Meyerbooks, publisher, PO Box 427, Glenwood, Illinois 60425, copyright 1958, print 1990

Buy It! Prairie Smoke, by Melvin R. Gilmore, Minnesota Historical Society Press, St. Paul, Minnesota 55101, copyright 1987.

Buy It! How Indians Use Wild Plants for Food, Medicine & Crafts, by Frances Densmore, Dover Publications, Inc., 180 Varick Street, New York, NY 10014, first printed by the United States Government Printing Office, Washington, in 1928, this Dover edition 1974

Buy It! Webster’s New World Dictionary, Third College Edition, Victoria Neufeldt, Editor in Chief, New World Dictionaries: A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc., 15 Columbus Circle, New York, NY 10023

Back to Top

Share